The creation of the EDF Group in a new European context
The 1990s and 2000s witnessed the opening of European markets and the simultaneous growth of EDF’s global reach.
- In 1999, EDF signed the charter for sustainable development, a commitment expanded in 2001 with the publication of the Agenda 21.
- In April 2002, the Group obtained ISO 14001 certification.
On July 1, 2004, 70% of the electricity market was opened to competition. On November 19, we changed our corporate status to become a limited company. This shift created new commercial opportunities, including the marketing of multi-energy and service offers./li>
- On November 21, 2005, the IPO brought EDF onto the stock market, with our five million private shareholders on board.
- Since 2006, the EDF Group has been implementing a €40 billion investment program to support an ambitious industrial and development strategy.
- In 2009, EDF consolidated its European positions in Great Britain (EDF Energy integration project), Germany (asset swap between EDF, ENBW and E.ON), Belgium (acquisition of 51% of SPE's equity), Austria (increased holding in Estag), Netherlands (commissioning of the Sloe power plant) and Poland (continued integration of Polish subsidiaries).
- In 2010 the Nam Theun 2 (Laos) hydroelectric power plant, built by EDF for NTPC, was put into service. In addition to its commitment to renewable energies, EDF also demonstrates its ambition for electric mobility through an active partnership policy and by offering simple, competitive and secure recharge solutions.
- In 2011, EDF closes the sale of its stake in EnBW to the State of Baden-Württemberg for €4.669 billion at the beginning of 2011, and formes EDF Deutschland GmbH (EDF 100%) in Berlin to consider development opportunities in Germany's energy market. EDF becomes sole owner of EDF Énergies Nouvelles, then delists it from the Paris Bourse. EDF acquires its Italian partners' stakes in Edison in their entirety, and sells Edison's 50% stake in EdiPower. EDF agrees to take a 15% stake in Gazprom's South Stream gas pipeline project. The decision is made to build the LNG Terminal at Dunkerque, to be connected to the French and Belgian markets.
Each of these milestones has helped us become the world-leading electricity company we are today, with operations spanning power generation, trading, and distribution in both regulated and deregulated markets. Thanks to our hard-working employees, solid engineering know-how, cutting-edge R&D, proven operational skills with both power plants and grids, and energy-efficient technology, EDF is ideally positioned to deliver competitive, green solutions that can help drive the real economy.